北美首页  |  新闻  |  时尚  |  大陆  |  台湾  |  美国  |  娱乐  |  体育  |  财经  |  图片  |  移民  |  微博  |  健康

印尼这地方打算将“一夫多妻”合法化 引轩然大波

http://dailynews.sina.com   2019年07月15日 05:50   环球网

  原标题:他们打算将“一夫多妻”合法化,引起了轩然大波

  当地许多人站出来反对:完全不拿女性的权益当回事!

  最近,在印尼西部的亚齐地区,关于要不要“立法允许一夫多妻”的讨论,被推上了风口浪尖……

 ▲亚齐所在的位置 (图via百度百科) ▲亚齐所在的位置 (图via百度百科)

  亚齐是印尼的一个特区,大部分人信仰伊斯兰教。

  最近,在印尼英文媒体《雅加达邮报》上,就有亚齐当地的知名人士公开支持一夫多妻,还列出了他认为一夫多妻的“诸多好处”:

  West Aceh Ulema Council (MPU) chairman Teungku Abdurrani Adian has expressed support for a plan by the Aceh administration to legalize polygamy。

  西亚齐乌理玛委员会主席Teungku Abdurrani Adian表示,支持亚齐政府将一夫多妻合法化的计划。

  He added that as the marriages were not acknowledged by the state, women tended to be put at a disadvantage, specifically in terms of the distribution of inheritances and child recognition。

  他补充说,由于印尼国家层面不承认一夫多妻,妇女往往处于不利地位,特别是在遗产分配和承认子女方面。(指后“嫁”进来的“妻子”无法享受第一个妻子同等权利)

  Adian also argued that if polygamy was not legalized then the number of illegal headmen would grow in Aceh。

  Adian还认为,如果一夫多妻不能合法化,那么亚齐地区的非法首领数量也会增加。

  ▲Ulema Council supports Aceh’s plan to legalize polygamy (via Jakarta Post)

 ▲亚齐当地景象 (图via WSJ) ▲亚齐当地景象 (图via WSJ)

  没经过正式登记的宗教型婚姻,在当地被叫做‘nikah siri’。(或nikah sirri)

  印尼官方并不承认这类婚姻。也就是说,“一夫多妻”在法律层面行不通。

(图via ANTARA FOTO/Sigid Kurniawan)(图via ANTARA FOTO/Sigid Kurniawan)

  不过,据媒体报道,尽管‘nikah siri’不被国家法律认可,但在印尼社会其实还挺常见的……

  Although the Indonesian government does not recognise the ‘nikah siri’, unregistered religious marriage, the practice is widespread above all among the richer classes: businessmen, politicians and prominent personalities often resort to the practice, to silence criticism and gossip over their extramarital affairs。

  尽管印尼政府不承认未经注册的宗教婚姻‘nikah siri’,但它在富人阶层中尤其普遍:商人、政客和知名人士往往用这一方式和当事女子“结婚”,以平息外界对他们婚外情的批评与八卦。

  ▲Aceh’s polygamy bill draws strong criticisms (via AsiaNews)

  换言之,如果哪位大亨的婚外情被舆论批评了,他就可以和情妇搞个‘nikah siri’,成为“夫妻”平息非议——哪怕他已经有了法律登记的妻子。

 (图via网络) (图via网络)

  这种事实上的“一夫多妻”现象,甚至还成为了一种商机。

  印尼有家俱乐部,就曾开设过培训班,教男人“如何娶四个老婆”……

  A club dedicated to promoting polygamy in Indonesia is actively touting “a quick way to have four wives” through classes across the country that cost hundreds of dollars。

  印尼一家致力于推广“一夫多妻”的俱乐部,正在全国各地开设课程,积极宣传“娶四个妻子的捷径”。课程学费为几百美元。

  Class sizes are limited to 20 people — most of them men — with a 50 per cent discount being offered to female attendees in an attempt to attract more women。

  培训班的人数限制在20人以内,大多数是男性——为了吸引更多女性来参加,女性的学费可享受半价优惠。

  Topics covered include how to begin and maintain a polygamous marriage, how to acquire four wives within a short period of time, and how to avoid a divorce。

  培训班讨论的主题包括如何开始“一夫多妻”的婚姻,如何维护这种婚姻,如何在短时间内获得四个妻子,如何避免离婚。

  ▲Inside Indonesia‘s controversial training seminars preparing Muslims for polygamous marriage (via ABC)

 (图via Shutterstock) (图via Shutterstock)

  不过,无论再怎么开“培训班”,事实上在印尼的绝大多数地区,‘nikah siri’这类的宗教婚姻并没有法律效力。

  但现在,亚齐地区打算给‘nikah siri’立法了:“一夫多妻”在当地可能将合法化……

  Aceh provincial authorities want to give it a legal framework, specifying basic requirements, such as the maximum number of wives (4) and conditions under which a Muslim man can marry more than one woman, such as a wife’s infertility。 

  亚齐当局希望给‘nikah siri’套一个法律的框架,并具体规定其基本要求,如男子最多能拥有的妻子数量(4人)、在哪些情况下穆斯林男子可以娶一名以上的女子(如妻子不能生育)。

  The husband must also be able to guarantee the same living standards to his new wife and children, in addition to that of his first wife。

  除了保证第一任妻子的生活标准外,丈夫还必须能够保证他的新妻子及子女享有同等的生活水平。

  ▲Aceh’s polygamy bill draws strong criticisms (via AsiaNews)

 (图via网络) (图via网络)

  将“一夫多妻”合法化,这是要强行将宗教习俗加诸世俗法律?

  亚齐地区的这一操作,立即在整个印尼引起了轩然大波。

  许多人站出来反对:完全不拿女性的权益当回事!

  The bill has been targeted by the National Commission on Violence Against Women (Komisi Nasional Anti Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan or Komnas Perempuan)。 One of its members, Adriana Venny, thinks that the proposed Raqan is only an effort to “legalise” sexual desire。

  “一夫多妻”的法案被国家妇女反暴力委员会盯上了。委员会成员之一的Adriana Venny认为,这一提议只是努力想让性欲“合法化”罢了。

  “We are deeply and seriously worried by the issue,” she said。 “Polygamy is nothing more than a form of domestic violence: it should not be accepted and even less practiced。 This practice is not recommended even in countries with an Islamic majority。”

  “我们对此事深感忧虑,”她说。“一夫多妻制只不过是家庭暴力的一种形式:它不应该被接受,更不用说实践了。即使是在伊斯兰教众占多数的国家,也不建议这样做。”

  ▲Aceh’s polygamy bill draws strong criticisms (via AsiaNews)

  接下来,Venny还意味深长地说了这样一句……

  “Only the husband benefits from it, giving vent to his libido on more than one woman。 I wonder if polyandry (marriage between one woman and several men) would be accepted in Indonesia?”

  “只有丈夫能从‘一夫多妻’中受益,因为他可以向不止一个女人发泄他的性欲。那么我很好奇,如果反过来——是‘一妻多夫’制的话——印尼又能否接受呢?”

  ▲Aceh’s polygamy bill draws strong criticisms (via AsiaNews)

  文:lanlan

Bookmark and Share
|
关闭